Prehistory Study Guide

This study guide is a collaborative tool that you may use to prepare for the unit two assessment. There are two parts to this study guide. The first part is a list of all of the key terms that we have studied in the unit. The second part is made up of essential questions. For each study guide there will be approximately ten essential questions. I will include some or all of the essential questions on the assessment and you will have to answer some or all of them. I will require you to use a certain number of the key terms in your answers and when you use them you must prove that you understand how to use them and what the mean. The best way to be prepared is to study. I will update this wiki as we discuss new content in class. It is your responsibility to define the terms and answer the questions. Everyone in the class should do their part!

Notice - Any answers which are written in black have not been approved by Mr. Winand. All answers that have been changed to green are acceptable. In some cases, additional comments and/or questions have been added in blue. Students should only be writing using black.

Key Terms:

Be able to use all of the following terms appropriately...
01. History: History is a recorded event from the past. (Monica)
02. Prehistory: Prehistory is the time before writing was invented (Yassmine).
03. Archaeologist: An archaeologist is a person who studies people based on the clues that they left behind (objects, artifacts, etc.) (Karla).
04. Oral Traditions: Oral traditions are stories which have been told, or passed down, by word of mouth (T. Feliciano).
05. Geography: Geography is the study of the Earth's surface and the processes that shape it (Frank C).
06. Hominid: A hominid is a modern human or a relative of modern humans (Josh).
07. Stone Age: A period of time which early humans made lasting tools and weapons made mainly from stone.(Miranda R.)
08. Nomad: A person who has no settled home. (Arlyn L.) Is a nomad the same as a homeless person? Why or why not...
09. Domestication: To adapt wild plants or tame wild animals and to breed theme for human use. (Sotiris)
10. Evidence: Something that proves a fact is true. (Felix)
11. Irrigation: Supplying land with water through a network of canals. (Courtney) Irrigation does not only involve canals. Any way that water is moved (from a place that has an abundance of water) to one that does not, irrigation is taking place.
12. Surplus: More than is needed. (Miranda R.)
13. Artisan: A worker who is especially skilled at crafting items by hand. (Kaylee R.)
14. Civilization: A society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social classes. (Courtney M.) Don't forget written language and art, architecture, and infrastructure!
15. Social Class: a group of people having similar backgrounds, incomes and ways of living.(E.Rudderow)

Short Answer Questions:

Be able to answer all of the following questions with depth and detail...
01. Describe the relationship between geography and history. They both have to do with each other and they both have to do with social studies. (Arlyn L.) That is right Arlyn, but I am going to need some specific examples!
02. Explain the difference between the three parts of the Stone Age: Old, Middle, and New. Sotiris wrote (and I deleted by accident): During the old stone age people relied on hunting/gathering to survive; in the middle stone age, people began to use fire; finally, during the new stone age, people began to domesticate plants and animals as well as use farming to get food for themselves. During this time, people relied on primitive stone tools to complete tasks like hunting.
03. Describe the importance history and prehistory.They both talk about the past and how the past had effected writing and the people in the world today(gabby R)
04. Describe the importance of fire in prehistoric times and list at least three ways that it made life better.
05. Consider the impact of the domestication of plants and animals. Explain how domestication benefited society.
06. Compare and contrast the nomadic lifestyle with settled life. Which would you prefer and why?
07. Explain the importance of the development of bronze. Explain how that changed life. This question will not be an option on the upcoming test. Before people only had copper, and that wasn't sturdy enough. It was soft and it could not hold up aggresive stuff. But bronze was hard and could hold up to aggresive use.
08. Explain the social class system and compare today's model to that of early civilizations.
09. Describe the impact of job specialization on the social class system.
10. In your opinion, would you rather rely on farming or hunting-gathering to feed your family? Provide several reasons which support your answer. In my opinion I would rather rely on hunting-gathering to feed my family. One reason is because if you farm crows and birds might eat the seeds and it's a lot of hard work but when you hunt you just have to know how to shoot right! :D (Kristal) What if you don't have modern weapons, like guns, to hunt? What if you can't find anything to eat? Are there advantages to farming?

For those of you taking the time to study at 9 PM - and using my wiki to do so - here is a copy of the test (this is the regular edition). If you take the adapted test in the resource room, I gave you a study guide in class which addresses your test. BTW - You are welcome...


Here is the Jeopardy game that we will play in class tomorrow... Let's see who really looks on the wiki!