The Fertile Crescent Study Guide

This study guide is a collaborative tool that you may use to prepare for the unit two assessment. There are two parts to this study guide. The first part is a list of all of the key terms that we have studied in the unit. The second part is made up of essential questions. For each study guide there will be approximately ten essential questions. I will include some or all of the essential questions on the assessment and you will have to answer some or all of them. I will require you to use a certain number of the key terms in your answers and when you use them you must prove that you understand how to use them and what they mean. The best way to be prepared is to study. I will update this wiki as we discuss new content in class. It is your responsibility to define the terms and answer the questions. Everyone in the class should do their part!

READ THIS NOTE: Students may only type in black font! If I agree with what is written, I will change it to GREEN. Any note that I add will be written in BLUE. I like how some of you chose to put your name in parenthesis after your comment. That is a great idea!

Vocabulary:

Be able to use all of the following terms appropriately...
01. Scribe: A specially trained person in ancient civilizations who knew how to write, read, and keep records. (Kristal)
02. Fertile Crescent: A region in Southwest Asia; a site of the first civilzation. (Courtney)
03. City-State: A city that is a separate independent state. (E.Rudderow)
04. Polytheism: Belief in many gods. ( L.T )
05. Myth:
06. Empire: An extensive group of states or countries under one government. -Kristen
07. Babylon: An ancient city in Mesopotamia and the capital city of Babylonia. -Kristen
08. Caravan: A group of travelers. ( L.T )
09. Bazaar: A market store or shopping quarter. -Kristen A bazaar typically sells many different types of goods as well.
10. Zoroastrianism:
11. Code:
12. Hammurabi:
13. Cuneiform:
14. Law:
15. Mesopotamia: An ancient region in southwest Asia which is now present day Iraq. -Kristen Remember that Mesopotamia is that piece of land located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
16. Alphabet: A group of letters or symbols. -Kristen
17. Monotheism: Belief in one god. (L.T )
18. Famine: Starvation. ( L.T )
19. Exile:
20. Trade: The art of exchanging. ( L.T ) When one person (or group of people) exchange goods with another person (or group of people) it is considered trade. Trade can be the exchange of goods for money as well.

Essential Questions:

Be able to answer all of the following questions with depth and detail...
01. Describe the geography of the Fertile Crescent and Mesopotamia, and explain its impact on the region.
02. Describe the set-up and characteristics of a typical Sumerian city-state.
03. Explain the differences between monotheism and polytheism. What are some of the traditions of the Sumerian religion?
04. Compare and Contrast two of the four Fertile Crescent Empires: Babylonia, Assyrian, New Babylonia, and Persia.
05. Describe Hammurabi's Code and compare it to the legal code in the United States today.
06. Explain the importance of writing in Mesopotamia.
07. Explain how the sea power of the Phoenicians helped spread civilization.
08. Using the five 'components of civilization' justify the status of ancient Sumer as a civilization.

Reminder - You will need to know what the five components of civilization are before answering question number eight. They are as follows: 1. Organized Religion, 2. Centralized Government, 3. Job Specialization and Social Classes, 4. Art, Archetecture, and Infrastructure, and 5. Written Language.