Ancient Egypt Study Guide

This study guide is a collaborative tool that you may use to prepare for the unit two assessment. There are two parts to this study guide. The first part is a list of all of the key terms that we have studied in the unit. The second part is made up of essential questions. For each study guide there will be approximately ten essential questions. I will include some or all of the essential questions on the assessment and you will have to answer some or all of them. I will require you to use a certain number of the key terms in your answers and when you use them you must prove that you understand how to use them and what the mean. The best way to be prepared is to study. I will update this wiki as we discuss new content in class. It is your responsibility to define the terms and answer the questions. Everyone in the class should do their part!




READ THIS NOTE: Students may only type in black font! If I agree with what is written, I will change it to Green. Any note that I add will be written in BLUE. I like how some of you chose to put your name in parenthesis after your comment. That is a great idea!


Vocabulary--

Be able to use all of the following terms appropriately...
01. Nubia: The region south of ancient Egypt and the modern-day location of Sudan (Butter).
02. Delta: The triangular shaped mass of land located at the mouth of a river; it has very fertile soil (Chaloa).
03. Cataract: Rock filled rapids. (E. Rudderow)
04. Silt: The fertile soil that can be found on the bottom of a river or along its banks (Monica).
05. Nile (River): A river that flows from the south through Nubia and Egypt and empties in the Mediterranean Sea (Selena Seibert).
06. Pharaoh: Someone who ruled ancient Egypt; it is like a king, but a different term ( Banana).
07. Dynasty: A line of hereditary rulers of a country (Arlyn L.)
08. Absolute Power:The power Pharoahs had over thier people (squirel/TGH)
09. Regent:A person appointed to administer a country because the monarch is a minor or is absent or incapacitated. (Arlyn L.)
10. Thutmose III: The sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty (Arlyn L.)
11. Afterlife: Life after death (E. Rudderow)
12. Mummy: a perserved corpse (cnw/squirel)
13. Pyramid: A huge building with four sloping triangle shaped sides. (E.Rudderow)
14. Giza: A city in northern Egypt, on the Nile River, site of the Pyramids and the Sphinx;
15. Preserve: To keep safe, or trying to be maintained in a healthy condition. (Kristal)
16. Hieroglyphs: signs or pictures that have a meaning(cnw)
17. Papyrus: An early form of paper made from reed plant found in marsh areas. (E.Rudderow)
18. Astronomer: A scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky. (E.Rudderow)
19. Peasants: People of the lower classes. (Kristal)
20. Rosetta Stone: An ancient stone with engraved words/symbols that was used to translate the ancient Egyptian language. (Kristal)



Essential Questions--

Be able to answer the following questions with depth and detail...
01. Describe the geography of the Nile River Valley and explain how the Nile River has impacted the region.
What people call 'black land' was the fertile land on the banks of the Nile river. The ancient Egyptians used this land for growing crops. This was the only land in ancient Egypt that could be farmed on because a layer of rich, black silt was deposited there every year after the Nile flooded. (Kristal)

02. Compare and contrast the accomplishment which occurred during the three Egyptian kingdoms (Old, Middle, and New). Why is the history of ancient Egypt broken down in this way? In the old kingdom the egyptians discovered trade,in the middle kingdom the started to learn to build things and in the new kingdom there was massive war. The reason there were the kingdoms at all was because every time one kingdom was conquered they had to start over. (Natalie F.)
03. Describe the importance of gods and goddesses in the ancient Egyptian religion. Ancient Egyptians thought that gods and goddesses were mostly there to protect, and everything that happened would be blamed on them. If you were fair and treated the gods and goddesses well nothing happened to you. (Kristal)
04. Explain the Egyptian belief in the afterlife. Provide specific details/examplesto support your answer.
The Egyptians believed that when they died, they would make a journey to another world where they would lead a new life. They would need all the things they had used when they were alive, so their families would put those things in their graves. Egyptians paid vast amounts of money to have their bodies properly preserved. Egyptians who were poor were buried in the sand while the rich ones were buried in a tomb. They went through with the mummification process so that the spirit comes back to the body to receive the foods and such people leave there. (Kristal)
05. Compare the writing of the ancient Egyptians to the writing of the Sumerians and Phoenicians. How were they different? What purposes did writing serve in ancient Egyptian society?
06. Describe some of the major advances made by the ancient Egyptians in the fields of science and medicine. Be sure to give specific examples in your answer. They discovered how to preserve a human body. (Natalie F.)