Ancient Greece Study Guide

This study guide is a collaborative tool that you may use to prepare for the unit two assessment. There are two parts to this study guide. The first part is a list of all of the key terms that we have studied in the unit. The second part is made up of essential questions. For each study guide there will be approximately ten essential questions. I will include some or all of the essential questions on the assessment and you will have to answer some or all of them. I will require you to use a certain number of the key terms in your answers and when you use them you must prove that you understand how to use them and what the mean. The best way to be prepared is to study. I will update this wiki as we discuss new content in class. It is your responsibility to define the terms and answer the questions. Everyone in the class should do their part!

READ THIS NOTE: Students may only type in black font! If I agree with what is written, I will change it to RED. Any note that I add will be written in BLUE. I like how some of you chose to put your name in parenthesis after your comment. That is a great idea!


Be able to use all of the following terms appropriately...

01. Peninsula: A piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water (Arlyn L.)
02. Epic: A long poem that tells a story (Phan-Bomb)
03. Acropolis: A citadel or fortified part of an ancient Greek city, typically built on a hill (Arlyn L.)
04. City-State: A state consisting of a sovereign city (Arlyn L.)
05. Aristocrat: A member of the aristocracy (Arlyn L.)
06. Tyrant: A person exercising power or control in a cruel, unreasonable, or arbitrary way (Arlyn L.)
07. Democracy A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives (Arlyn L.)
08. Republic: A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president (Arlyn L.)
09. Minoans:
10. Mycenaeans:
11. Tribute:
12. Immortal:Will never die (squirel/TGH)
13. Oracle:
14. Philosopher:
15. Tragedy:

16. Athens: The capital of Greece, in the southern part of the country; pop. 3,096,775. It was an important cultural center in the 5th century (Arlyn L.)
17. Agora:
18. Vendor:
19. Slavery: The act of owning a slave (squirel/TGH)
20. Splendor
21. Sparta:
22. Plague:
23. Peloponnesian War: The war of 431–404 bc fought between Athens and Sparta with their respective allies, occasioned largely by Spartan opposition (Arlyn L.)
24. Helots:
25. Blockade: A barier (squirel)
26. Barbarian:
27. Assassinate:To kill in secret (squirel/TGH)
28. Alexander the Great:
29. Hellenistic:
30. King Philip II of Macedonia: )

Essential Questions--

Be able to answer the following questions with depth and detail...

01. How has the geography of ancient Greece impacted the lives of the people who have lived their throughout time?
02. How and why was democracy developed in ancient Greece? How did democracy change the world?
03. How was the religion of the ancient Greeks both similar and different from the religion of ancient Egypt?
04. What events and discoveries led to, and defined, the 'Golden Age' of ancient Greece?
05. How were the Athenians and Spartans both similar and different? Be sure to discuss gender roles in your answer! A main difference between the two cities is that women did not have equal rights. In Sparta, women trained for war and were tough and strong.In Athens, women stayed home and did household chores while the boys were training for war and the men were at war or hunting, fishing, and discussing political issues. Athenians also tended to be more interested in arts and architechture while the Spartans were more focused on war and battle. (Michaela)

06. How did the culture of the ancient Greeks spread and which individuals were directly related to its spreading? (Make sure you explain how they impacted its spreading.)

Assessment #1 --Don't get used to this!